Security systems are strategically installed to perform specific tasks when a secured area is breached. How security systems work in the event of an intrusion depends on the type of system a homeowner is deploying.
Professionally Monitored Security Systems: If an alarm company professionally monitored your security system, they are notified when a security issue occurs in your home. Along with the high-decibel or loud alarm that sounds, the monitoring company is notified. A professional security expert might communicate with the homeowner through the control panel if it’s installed for 2-Way Voice communication, or will contact the emergency contact number provided on the account.
These types of security systems transmit information with the monitoring company in one of several methods, including:
- Over home phone lines, which continue to operate during power outages via the backup battery.
- Wirelessly via cellular radio frequencies such as mobile phones use, also working during power outages with the backup battery.
- Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP), typically doesn’t work in a power interruption.
- Via the Internet, which also typically doesn’t work in a power outage.
If an actual emergency takes place, the monitoring company will alert the appropriate local emergency response personnel. This includes paramedics, firefighters, and police. The monitoring company will also maintain communication with you until the relevant emergency response teams arrive at your home.
Monitored systems enable the homeowners (or designees) to be alerted by text message and email when a security breach takes place.
Non-monitored Security Systems: There are a range of DIY security systems available on the market today that do not include professionally monitored services. If a home intrusion takes place, and this type of security system is installed, a high-decibel or loud alarm sounds (provided one is deployed). Contacting appropriate emergency response personnel must be done by the homeowner by dialing the proper emergency number, typically 911.
Depending on the chosen provider, these types of systems may or may not allow for email notifications or text messages to be sent to the homeowner if there’s a security breach.
What are the advantages of having a home security system?
When compared to homes with professionally monitored systems, homes without security systems installed are up to three times more likely to be burglarized, several studies show. It’s because burglars are opportunistic by nature and always prefer easy targets. Homes without security systems installed are high on the burglars’ list.
When you have a home security system monitored by a home security system company, and advertise this by putting window stickers and planting yard signs, you’re letting burglars know the likelihood of failure and be caught.
Another advantage is that the homeowner can conveniently manage their house remotely. With this, you can typically manage your security system from virtually anywhere in the world via a web-enabled device, monitor all activities in your home, as well as use a panic button to trigger an instant response from your professional monitoring company.
Finally, most home insurance companies offer big discounts-up to 20 percent when you have a home security system installed.
Home security systems are designed to secure entry points, such as doors and windows, as well as interior space containing valuables like computers, art, coin collections, and guns. They work the same regardless of the size of the home, or the number of windows and doors or interior rooms a homeowner decides to secure. The only real difference in home security systems is in the number of security components installed all over the home and monitored by the controller known as the control panel.
Security System Explained
The simplest definition of any security system is in its name. It’s a method or means by which something is protected through a system of interworking devices and components.
In this article, we’re specifically discussing home security systems, which are integrated electronic devices’ networks functioning together with a central control panel to secure against home intruders.
Typically, the home security system includes:
- Control panel, which is the central controller of a home security system
- Window and Door sensors
- Interior and exterior motion sensors
- Wireless or wired security cameras
- High-decibel alarm or siren
- Window stickers and yard signs
Security System Makes Your Home Safer
Home security systems can secure entry points into a home through sensors that communicate with a command center or control panel placed in a strategic location somewhere in the home.
The sensors are usually installed in doors that lead to and from inside the house as well as easily accessible windows, especially any that open, particularly those at ground level. Motion sensors can secure open spaces inside of homes.
Control Panel: It’s the computer capable to arm and disarm the security systems, communicate with each installed component, sound the alarm when a security zone is breached, and notify with an alarm monitoring company.
They usually feature a touchpad for smooth interaction and programming. It’s where passcodes are entered to activate and deactivate the system. It can work on voice commands and can be programmed to work with key fobs, which are wireless remote controls.
Window and Door Sensors: Sensors for windows and doors are composed of two parts set up adjacent to each other. One part of the device is deployed on the window or door and the other on the window sill or door frame. When a window or door is closed, the two parts of the sensor are joined together, making a security circuit.
When the security system is connected at the control panel, these sensors work with it by reporting that the point of entry is protected. Should a monitored window or door suddenly be opened, the security circuit is broken, and the control panel interprets it as a breach of a protected zone. A loud alarm is sounded, and in most cases, the alarm monitoring business is notified.
Motion Sensors: These security components, when activated, secure a given space by making an invisible area that can’t be breached without sounding an alarm. These typically installed in rooms containing valuables, as well as zones less frequented in bigger homes.
Surveillance Cameras: Available in wireless and wired configurations, they can be installed in different methods as part of an overall home security system.
Typical uses include monitoring:
- Distant or challenging to see spaces of your property
- Remote buildings such as garages, workshops, and barns
- Entry points, both interiors, and exteriors, such as front doors and garage doors
Computers, smartphones, and tablets can be used to accessed surveillance cameras. Homeowners who are out of town can still monitor what’s going on in their property through remote access to their surveillance cameras. These surveillance cameras are also useful to watch for deliveries and other service personnel like caregivers and landscapers. They can also be helpful to monitor the arrival of children after school and record any security breaches. They can be witnesses of a home invasion, including a clear look at the burglars and perhaps even the details of the vehicle they drove.
High-decibel Alarm: Produce loud sound enough for neighbors to hear, home security loud alarms serve multiple purposes:
- They alert the people inside the house of any problems that are happening.
- They’re usually enough to send a burglar running
- They notify nearby people of the situation.
Window Stickers and Yard Sign: At first look, these items might appear like nothing more than marketing tools for alarm businesses, but they play essential roles in the home security. When you placed a security businesses’ sticker in a front window and planted their sign in your front and back yard, you’re telling burglars your home is professionally secured and not a wise decision for an attempted burglary. They are effective at conveying this strong message and should be used as recommended by the security company.